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diet

diet, Healthy Eating

What to eat – The Healthy Food Guide

March 9, 2014 • By

Eating healthy is a crucial part of having a strong and injury free body. It can also change your life. Really – it lowers risk of heart disease, decreases depression, increases energy, decreases muscle tension, boosts the immune system and much, much more. In today’s post I want to bring together all the best nutritional and healthy eating guidelines to give you a clear and simple healthy food guide that will change the way you eat.

HEalthy eating for a active life and heart diseaseHere is a quick list to show why YOU should be eating healthy:

  • Decreases Cardiovascular disease risk (Leading cause of death in America)
  • Decreases blood pressure
  • Increases energy
  • Boosts the immune system
  • Decreases cholesterol
  • Normalise glucose levels
  • Decrease weight

In order to give you the best, evidence based, up to date information I have combined recommendations from some of the top food guidelines around the world, including:

  • Harvard University’s healthy eating pyramid
  • Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)
  • The US Department of Agriculture’s healthy eating guidelines
  • Diet and Lifestyle recommendations form the American heart association
  • And more

Yes there a lot of guidelines out here, constantly throwing information and recommendations at you. Which is why it’s important to consolidate these and show you what they all have in common – because what all the recommendations have in common is the basis to eating healthy and having a great nutritional intake.

Your health eating guidelines:

It’s a lifestyle, not a diet

1. Vegetables

The amount of vegetables you should be eating (all the guides and recommendations were unanimous!) is 2.5 cups per day. The thing to keep in mid with this is that you should eat a variety of vegetables – different colors, shapes and flavors to get the best nutritional uptake. For example:

  • Dark green, leafy veges
  • Legumes (lentils, beans etc)
  • Starchy veges
  • Orange and red veges

 

2. Fruit

The amount of fruit recommended is 2-3 cups, and again you want a variety of colors here as well to really get all the antioxidants, vitamins and plenty of other goodies.

 

healthy eating plater - guide to eat better healthy3. Grains

You should be consuming is 6-8 oz (170-230 gm). The key to this though is that at least half of these need to be whole grains. Whole grains are better for you as they have a high glycemic index – this means that they take longer to break down, so that they are slowly releasing the fuel into your body with means less highs and lows and more steady energy.

Examples of whole grains (eat most):

  • Whole wheat
  • Brown rice, wild rice
  • Buckwheat
  • Quinoa
  • Corn
  • Barley
  • Oats/oatmeal

Examples of grains with a high glycemic index (use sparingly):

  • White rice
  • White bread
  • Pasta
  • Potatoes

 

4. Milk

You should be drinking 2-3 cups of milk or equivalent  per day. All of the guidelines were agreeing on this except the Harvard healthy eating pyramid. This is because of a few reasons:

  • Concern over the amount of saturated fat and calories in milk. A good way to get around this is to drink fat-free or low-fat milk – this is something that really should have caught on by now but still only 10% of all milk consumed by americans is fat-free (national health and nutrition survey 2001-02)
  • Due to the prevalence of lactose intolerance: Absolutely if you are lactose intolerant then a few things you can do: Eat more of other foods that are full of calcium (the best option), consume milk with other foods and not on an empty stomach and take calcium and vitamin D supplements.
  • Increased levels of unneeded hormones in some milk: Be carefull what milk you buy as increased levels of hormones have been associated with increased cancer risks. It is worth splashing out a little extra and buying hormone free or organic milk.

 

5. Meat, nuts and beans

You should be eating around 6 oz (170grams) of lean meat per day and 2-3 oz of nuts, seeds and beans per day.

Lean meats that you should be consuming is:

  • Fish, poultry and lean beef and pork

Quick note: Do not deep fry your food if you can help it! Especially fish as this changes the good fats and nutrients in it. Try to grill, bake or broil it.

 


6. Oils

The amount of oils you should be consuming does vary a lot in all the research. The most common amount (and a good middle ground) is 6 teaspoons (27grams) per day.

For oil you should be using liquid vegetable oils (or products made form this) so that there is less Trans fatty acids.

 

7. Treats

These are normally called Discretionary calories. They’re calories from outside the recommended food groups. From things like; added sugar, sweets, alcohol, solid fat etc.

This is limited to 135 calories (4 teaspoons).

 

8. Alcohol

If you consume alcohol, do it in moderation, the recommended amount is one drink per week.

 

9. Total calorie intake

The average person should consume and use 2000 calories per day but this really does vary depending on the your activity levels, sex and age.

Check out this table for a good guide:

calorie intake daily recommended

Source: My Pyramid, USDA

 

Body Composition is dependent on lifestyle changes, not memorizing lists, instructions or diets

Here is a handy list of tips to sum that up – easy to print out and put on the fridge!

Tips to improve your nutrition, health and general well-being:

  • Eat fish (especially oily fish) at least twice a week.
  • Consume a diet full of vegetables and fruit.
  • Choose whole grain and whole fiber foods
  • Prepare and eat smaller portions
  • Choose leans meats and veg alternatives
  • Drink fat-free or low-fat milk
  • Minimise added sugars (so no to soft drinks and energy drinks to make an awesome difference!)
  • Use vegetable oils instead of solid fats.
  • Know your caloric needs to achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Grill, bake or broil your meat.
  • Follow this healthy food guide when eating out as well!

 

healthy eating guide - nutrition and food pyramidsConclusion:

It is important to make these changes gradually to your lifestyle to make changes THAT LAST. If you make wholesale changes where you start eating completely differently, this will for one; shock your body, and two; it will not last.

The more you take from this healthy food guide and make changes to your nutrition – the better off you will be in the long-term, and I know it is corny to say but it really will add years to your life.

We all need to make changes that will last, because life isn’t a fad and you only live once!

 

Please like and share with all your friends, they will thank you for it.

 

Scientific paper for more in-depth reading.

 

 


diet, Health, training

How To Build Muscle – A Realistic Guide

December 9, 2013 • By

muscle-building-trainingHow to build muscle – As a health professional I see a lot of people who want and need to lose weight but also a lot of people who want to put on weight. More specifically they want to build more muscle. There are so many scams out there and myths about gaining weight, so I want to give you an easy to follow and simple guide, including a free recovery guide to really make the most of your training sessions.

So here is a guide full of tips, advice and training tools on how to put on muscle that are easy, realistic and developed by a professional Physiotherapist to help you reach your goal.

To safely and effectively gain muscle you need to cover a few important aspects:

  1. Nutrition
  2. Muscle overload
  3. Sufficient rest and recovery

If you just start drinking protein shakes or a plethora of steaks, you won’t get very far. If you start lifting weights but don’t challenge your muscles enough, you won’t get far. If you don’t give your body time to get stronger, you will fall to pieces. Below I will cover these three important aspects so that YOU can get bigger stronger and feel a lot better.

Nutrition:

During: A huge amount of people are dehydrated before they even start exercising. This is because thirst (eg dry mouth etc) are signs that it is too late – you should not reach this point as it limits your muscles, causes cramps earlier, and reaction time slows.  over the day women should drink 1.6Litres and men should consume 2 litres – Although if doing exercise, hot weather etc you should be drinking more. A general guideline is to drink 500ml 1-2 hours before training, 200ml every quarter-hour of exercise and 500mls of water or sports drink after exercise.

After workout: Protein, carbohydrates and water are needed post workout. Check out the ideal recovery schedule below for more detail. Muscle growth post workout depends a large amount on the availability of amino acids as these are the building blocks that create muscle. Amino acids are what make up protein and so without a good dietary intake – all your hard work would be for little.

A word on protein: You need to take in enough protein to support muscle growth. Your body can’t take on more than 30 grams of protein at one time so it is pointless taking more than this – it is recommended to consume 1.4 grams of protein per kg of body weight per day so you will need to spread it out through-out the day.

Sources of protein:

  • Red Meat
  • Poultry
  • Fish
  • Dairy
  • Eggs
  • Nuts

Diet food to assist build muscle for trainingGeneral nutrition: It is important to eat a healthy diet day in, day out as this gives you the energy, nutrients and all the building blocks that are needed.

Tip: Increase overall daily intake: if you want to put on more muscle and train more – you need to eat more, plain a simple.

Foods to avoid:

Sugar – Unless it is after exercise: Sugar causes a spike in insulin levels, increasing the muscles intake of sugar with amino acids to build muscle. At other times it will go straight into fat. Conclusion: avoid sugar except after workout – then you can have 40-100 grams.

Trans fat – Stay well away from Trans fat as just 5 grams of trans fats can increase your chance of heart disease by 25% among other things (generally things like canned foods, potato chips, pies, deep-fried chips and fried chicken all have over 5 grams – the easiest thing to do is check the packet nutritional info on the packet!).

Don’t be scared of fat: Other fats are needed in a healthy diet – 30% of our calorie intake should be from fat with roughly 10% saturated fat, 10% monounsaturated fat and 10% from omega 3 fats.

Sports drinks unless it is during or post workout.

Window of opportunity: The hour after exercise is when your body can take on fuel and re-load the best so it is very important to eat and drink within an hour (ideally within 1/2 and hour).

The ideal recovery guideline:

  1.  First 5 minutes – Rehydrate and refuel. eat/drink carbs and protein (4:1 carbs to protein ratio) using high GI Carbs. eg recovery sports drink, banana and water.
  2. 5-20 minutes – Cool down, light exercise for 5-10 and stretching for 5-10.
  3. 15-20mins – Natural recovery – hot/cold showers, ice, foam rollers, continue to hydrate.
  4. Within the first hour – Continue hydration, take in more food (High and med GI carbs and proteins – a meal, protein shake etc).
  5. In the evening: continue to hydrate and refuel where appropriate. Apply a curfew, lights off etc to get a  good sleep.

 

Workout:

Tip: Train to failure – in order for your muscles to grow, get bigger and stronger they need to be challenged. Your body is continually adapting to the forces that are out through it so if you are pushing your muscles enough that you cannot do anymore after a set of 8-12 – they will adapt and get stronger!

Muscle recovery: Your muscles need 48-72 hours to fully recover after a workout (you have done a lot of little tears – they need time to heal and get stronger). This is why you need to have at least one rest day per week to allow the muscles to heal and adapt.

Note: If you find that you have sore muscle the day after – this is a good thing! It means your muscle have been working hard and will heal stronger. To decrease the DOMS (delayed onset muscle soreness) and also help your body recover faster and stronger – a warm up and cool down is essential.

Work your whole body! It is best to do a work out that incorporates your entire body and not just one muscle group such as chest or quads. Working on just chest or triceps etc is not functional at all and is only useful for bodybuilding, professional weight lifting etc as very rarely do we actually isolate and use one muscle group in real life.

How much should you push yourself? To gain muscle you will need to really push the muscles. It is also best to use free weights and body weight exercises as these engage your stabilizing muscles and are a lot more functional that weights machines.

Sets and reps: 3 sets of 8-12 repetitions.

Stretching:

  • Before activity: Dynamic stretching – this is best as it functionally lengthens the muscles while, warming them up and increasing muscle activation.
  • After activity: Static stretching can be done here and is great recovery.

Rest and recovery: Again, you need to have 1 rest day per week otherwise you will start falling to pieces. Make sure to get enough sleep also and decrease stress as much as possible.

  • it is important to remember that rest does not mean, sleep all day, play video games etc, it means take it easy – you can take a walk, a jog, a bike etc.

Conclusion on how to build muscle: You need to do resistance training that really tests your muscles, have a good nutritional intake that allows your muscles to grow and give the body a rest so that it can recover.

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